Friday, March 26, 2010

National Bank of Ukraine has issued a coin dedicated to Pylyp Orlyk and his Constitution

NBU puts into circulation the silver coin named the 300th Anniversary of Pylyp Orlyk's Constitution. The coin is dedicated to the monument of the Ukrainian legal thought of the 18th century, the code of Pacts and Constitutions of Rights and Freedoms of the Zaporizhzhia Forces. This document became the first European Constitution in the modern understanding, (preserving in the National Archives of Sweden) it was adopted on April 5 (16), 1710, when Pylyp Orlyk was elected the Hetman of Ukraine. The constitution was confirmed by Charles XII and it also names the Swedish King as the protector of Ukraine. Between 1711 and 1714, together with Crimean Tatars and small groups of Ukrainian Cossacks, Orlyk carried out unsuccessful raids into Right-bank Ukraine. Afterwards, Pylyp Orlyk followed the Swedish king Charles XII to Sweden via Vienna and Stralsund. Orlyk with his wife Hanna Hertsyk and six children arrived in Ystad, Sweden on the New Year's day of 1716. They lived in the city of Kristianstad for some years. Orlyk and his family left Stockholm in 1720 but his widow and children received financial support from the Parliament of Sweden until 1747.

The first coin dedicated to the Ukrainian Hetman Pylyp Orlyk was issued in 2002 (see photo).