Tuesday, January 19, 2010

Meissen porcelain in Poltava Art Museum

Meissen porcelain is the first European hard-paste porcelain that was developed from 1708 by Ehrenfried Walther von Tschirnhaus. Being a big fond of porcelain Augustus II the Strong, the Elector of Saxony and the King of Poland founded the manufacture of fine porcelain at the Meissen and Dresden in 1710. This manufacture attracted artists and artisans to establish one of the most famous porcelain manufacturers, still in business today as Staatliche Porzellan-Manufaktur Meissen GmbH. Its signature logo, the crossed swords, was introduced in 1720 to protect its production; the mark of the crossed swords is one of the oldest trademarks in existence. It dominated the style of European porcelain until 1756. In Poltava Art Museum there is a small collection of Meissen porcelain (shown on the photo) that survived two-year German occupation (1941-1943).